Autumn planting roses.
Roses preferable to plant in the fall in areas with mild winters, and in regions with harsh climates in open ground roses are planted mainly in the spring. However, with growing roses Cut recommended autumn tab plantations to produce earlier flowering roses of the first and second waves of cutting compared to planted in the spring. For standard roses desirable spring planting.
Autumn rose in the middle lane planted in the ground from mid-September to mid-October. Earlier planting and a warm autumn adversely affect the seedlings, which can wake up the dormant buds. Later planting and very cold autumn increase the likelihood that rose seedlings do not have time to take root and to suffer from frost in winter.
Roses love the sun, heat and open air space, so choosing a rose garden plot, facing south (with a slight bias for the gathering of meltwater) and protected from cold winds, where the water table is deeper than 1 m. Areas with excessive soil moisture arrange good drainage and rosary made slightly raised to create favorable conditions for the roots. Undesirably close proximity of roses with other plants and the proximity to the walls of houses.
Roses require fertile, friable, well-dressed with organic fertilizers, moderately moist soils. Fertile layer must be at least 40 cm. In most cases this srednetyazhÑ‘lye - clayey sand or sandy clay soil with a weak acid pH 6.5-7.
If the soil at the site of the future rosary poor, fertile soil is prepared for planting roses: loamy soil or clay, compost, humus or well decomposed manure - cow, horse or chicken manure (manure nepereprevshy can not be used, the roses it causes root rot), fertilizers (amount of fertilizer depends on the quality of soil). It is desirable to prepare a fertile mixture of a few weeks before planting roses: the soil must be mixed with organic matter in the ratio of 1: 1, add a small amount of ash or lime, bone meal (150 grams per square meter).
For planting roses dig pits 40 cm in diameter and 50-70 cm deep, or dig trenches to the same depth and width, orienting them from north to south for better illumination. If the plot sand on the bottom layer is laid clay thickness of about 7 cm to avoid desiccation of the soil; and if a part of the heavy clay soil, the bottom poured heavy gravel sand to avoid waterlogged soil. Pits and trenches filled with previously prepared fertile soil and planting carried roses.
Qualitative rose seedlings should have a well-branched roots with many fine roots and at least three highly developed intact shoots; diameter of the scion and rootstock must be the same (5-8 mm). Seedlings with bare-root per day before planting soaked in water. Before planting shoots with leaves and petals removed cut sharp shears nevyzrevshie and broken stems.
Aboveground part shortened to 30-35 cm long roots - up to 25-30 cm, cutting rotten roots to a healthy place. The kidneys are located below the graft is removed - of them will grow wild shoots. Saplings disinfected by spraying with 3% iron sulfate. The roots of roses dipped in clay mash with mullein (2: 1) a creamy consistency.
Garden roses are planted under the scheme 75x100 cm for group and 1,5h2 m at ordinary crop Chaynogibridnye - 40x60 cm, Grandiflora and Floribunda roses polyanthus - 30x50 cm, melkotsvetnye polyanthus roses - 30x40 cm-bearing roses - 40h70 cm; between climbing roses can withstand the distance from 50 to 100 cm.
In colder regions of the rose bushes are placed less for better aeration and soil warming landings to avoid fungal diseases of roses. When growing roses for cut flower plantation lay in the fall for the scheme thickened with double rows: the distance between the bushes 25 cm between double rows of 30 cm between rows - 50 cm.
With this economy is facilitated by placing roses care of shrubs, elongated flower stalks; bushes a little drawn out, the fall time is suspended growth, and the wood has time to ripen well for the winter. Vaccinated when planting roses graft turns to the south, it should be 3 cm (on light soils - 5 cm) below the soil surface for good rooting and protect the roots from freezing in the winter.
Autumn shrub roses planted slightly deeper than they grew in the nursery, to prevent bulging of seedlings from frost; climbing roses deepened more to the formation of additional roots. When planting the roots evenly in all directions straightened and covered them with fertile soil so that it fits snugly to the roots, and there was no air pockets.
Compacted soil abundantly watered by several methods of calculating the 1-2 buckets of water on the bush after moisture absorption surface cover dry soil around the plants and make holes for irrigation. To sprouts planted roses are not dried up and were not affected by the cold weather approaching, rose spud peat or ground with sand to a height of 20 cm. Before the cold snap freezing temperatures rose shelter for the winter.
If rose seedlings have already been purchased and favorable planting period expires, and the weather has deteriorated sharply, do not need to plant roses somehow, it is better to keep them in the form of prikopalis in greenhouses, cold cellars or storage at zero temperature until spring. Outdoors seedlings dropped into the trench depth of about 40 cm high points without stagnation meltwater.
Prepared rose seedlings are placed in the trench in an inclined position, the root neck poured sand, and then the trench is filled with dense ground. With the establishment of stable cold shut seedlings of spruce branches and covered with peat, and on top - snow.