Strengthening the roses and other plants.
Diseases and pests of roses and other plants can be controlled by biological methods; Sales have already made many of the drugs. However, it is possible to prepare your own healthy teas or infusions and successfully use them to gain immunity roses and other plants. Here is a few of these recipes infusions and decoctions used against plant pests and diseases.
Decoction of horsetail.
Horsetail decoction strengthens the tissues of plants and good help against powdery mildew, rust and spider mites. Preparation horsetail broth: In a large enamel pot or bucket put 1 kg of fresh herbs (or 150 g dry) horsetail and pour 10 liters of cold water. Leave to infuse the grass on the day. Then, close the pan with a lid, boil horsetail on low heat for 30 minutes to stand out from horsetail silica.
Then remove the cover and let the broth cool. Then strain it, pouring liquid into the enamel or plastic containers (do not hold horsetail decoction in a metal container, since the acid eats away at it). Horsetail decoction retains its useful properties for only two weeks.
Using horsetail decoction: for prevention of diseases and pests sprinkle all the plants completely, especially on hot days - in the early morning before the heat of the (then action horsetail decoction most strongly). Spray broth breed in water (1: 5). Additionally, the roots of plants and watering horsetail decoction. If necessary, repeat this procedure a few days later. Horsetail decoction, partially fermented, only use for watering plants (for 1 liter of broth breed in 10 liters of water).
The infusion of nettle.
Nettle infusion is a good food source and enhances the resistance of plants against adverse effects of different factors. Thanks to the infusion of nettle outdoor plant tissues become stronger, it is better protects them from harmful insects.
If you mix the broth horsetail and nettle infusion - their action will intensify. When you are unable to collect fresh nettles for infusion, in pharmacy or in specialized stores you can buy a powder or dry nettle leaves.
Infusion of nettle:
Method 1: 500-700 grams of fresh (or 200 g dry) nettle put in a wooden container and pour 5 liters of cold water to give it brew for 14 days. Daily stirred until fermentation begins. To ease the smell of fermentation, add a little boring dust. Ready infusion is filtered. When using nettle breed it in water (1:10).
Method 2: I do extract of nettle infusion. To this mixture is allowed to infuse for only a few hours (generally 12-24 hours, but not more than 3 days). That is, in this case I do not I bring nettle infusion before fermentation, and use it immediately after preparation. The use of nettle infusion: apply to irrigation and foliar spray. To combat aphids spray the roses and other plants undiluted extract of nettle infusion.
Dissolved in water, use soap in the garden to control aphids. Preparation of soap solution: take 150-300 grams of pure liquid soap, add hot water and breed it in a bucket of 10 liters of hot water, cool. Using soap solution: sprinkle the affected plants aphids undiluted solution.
Enhance the action of soap can be adding to it a solution of alcohol. Preparation of soap-alcohol solution: 200 g of soap dissolved in hot water and breed in 10 liters of hot water. Then add 300 ml of denatured alcohol and stirred. Using soap-alcohol solution: use for spraying the plants undiluted.
Infusion of wormwood.
Wormwood is used to control aphids, caterpillars and rust, increasing the resistance of plants. An infusion of wormwood: Method 1: 300-500 grams of fresh herbs or 30 g of dried wormwood pour in a wooden vat 10 liters of cold water. Insist 14 days until the start fermentation. Using the infusion of wormwood: One part of the infusion mixed with ten parts of cold water, is used for irrigation and spraying the leaves.
Method 2: wormwood pour cold water, insist during the day (can be up to 3 days), not leading to an infusion of fermentation. This extract of wormwood use in the garden in spring. Fresh infusions and herbal teas are very effective. Those gardeners who do not want to engage in their preparation, can acquire the appropriate tools ready in specialized stores. However, when their purchase is necessary to pay attention to what action, these substances have on the environment.
The most reliable and harmless natural products of plants and strengthening the immune system to combat fungal diseases: a concentrate of horsetail - thanks to the contained silicic acid increases the resistance of plants to fungal diseases; drugs with lecithin made from soy can be used selectively in the defeat of plant powdery mildew.
Little impact on the environment preparations containing wetting sulfur, prepared on the basis of chopped herbs (nettle, horsetail, onion, seaweed) or pulverized silica, as well as a 24% wetting sulfur. They are used to control downy mildew and black leaf spot of roses.
However sprayings preparations containing wetting sulfur, and also harms beneficial inhabitants of the garden, for example, such as predatory mites - natural enemies of spider mites. Preparations containing copper, also help in the fight against fungal diseases of plants, but they are harmful to the environment - this refers to liquid Bordeaux (to copper-lime mortar) and copper oxychloride.