Shizantus or shizantus (Schizanthus), or shizant belongs to the family Solanaceae. Originally skhizantus from South Africa and South America; 11 is known of its species. Sales are just spectacular derived forms and varieties skhizantusa.
Shizantus - great annual plant, yet is rarely grown in the gardens of Russian, although it deserves it. Colourful flowers skhizantusa collected loose apical inflorescence, in structure and color are reminiscent of exotic orchids and flowers completely cover the entire plant from June until autumn frosts. Form flowers wrong: deeply incised calyx is two-lipped corolla with wide blades.
Skhizantusa flowers look great in lush bouquets and are white, pink, yellow, salmon, red, crimson, purple, violet. Surface completely covered with patterns of flowers of various colors and patterns: colored spots, speckles, stripes, fringed. With good care on a pyramidal bush flowers skhizantusa There are so many that they are closed and sealed erect, branched from the base, covered with sticky hairs stem and graceful, pinnate-cutting pubescent leaves.
Shizantus can be grown not only as annuals in the garden, but also as a houseplant in a pot on the windowsill; used for landscaping light, warm, well-ventilated balconies. With protection from autumn frosts skhizantus blooms until October. In culture, most often grown forms and varieties skhizantusa Graham (S. grahamii) and skhizantusa feathery (S. pinnatus).
Charming hybrid skhizantusa feathery - skhizantus vizetonsky (S. wisetonensis) with the split petals medium-sized flowers (about 2 cm in diameter). Tall varieties derived skhizantusa (about 90 cm), medium growth (about 50 cm), undersized (about 30 cm) and dwarf (15-20 cm). Compact skhizantusy great for pot culture; for splendor in a pot planted several seedlings (usually three), put some bushes backup.
Shizantus very photophilous and exacting to soil fertility, so it is grown in full sun, in rich, well-drained soils of medium density. With a lack of light and power bushes skhizantusa greatly elongated and form little flowers.
Skhizantus propagated by seed, sowing their seedlings indoors from October to April, several deadlines for continuous flowering. Early autumn (October-November) seeding skhizantusa seedlings produced for early spring flowering; in this case, the young plants in the winter provide a bright and cool winter.
For early summer flowering seeds for seedlings usually sown in March and April, in boxes or pots of light sandy soil. When sowing small seeds skhizantusa only slightly sprinkled substrate and moistened from a spray crops, cover pot of glass. At the optimum temperature for germination is 16-18 degrees shoots usually appear within 2 weeks.
Seedlings skhizantusa dive phase of the first pair of true leaves in pots on the 1-2-3 piece and contain at moderate temperatures, moderate watering (not acceptable as desiccation and waterlogging of the substrate) and humid air. Small and weak seedlings skhizantusa at swordplay is not a marriage, and carefully cherish and nurture, since they, as a rule, is the most dramatic color of flowers. To cause branching of young bushes, seedlings skhizantusa pinch out the tops.
In the open ground of the seedlings planted in pots without disturbing the earth coma after pre-hardening (or there might be burns from direct sun) at the end of spring frosts. In areas with mild climate skhizantus sown in open ground in April and May. The distance between the planting hole is kept around 15-25 cm and carefully placed next to bushes planted sprigs-backup (otherwise a strong wind can easily topple them).
During the active growing season bushes skhizantusa little fertilize weekly. Skhizantus watered moderately and evenly: he can not tolerate excessive wetting of the substrate and excessive dryness of the soil and air. While bushes skhizantusa not closed, the land between them gently loosen weeding weeds.
In the flower garden skhizantus placed in the foreground, next to the tracks, to be able to see closer whimsical painting of flowers and appreciate the fine quality of this rare plant.