Tradescantia in the garden and in the house.
Tradescantia is included in the usual circle of lovely unassuming plants (zebrina, Chlorophytum, sansevera, et al.), Which is always and everywhere accompanied me from early childhood in the family home, in kindergarten, in the classroom, in a variety of settings. And no wonder: these plants are invariably healthy and attractive even with minimal care.
And now, you can still find plants from this modest range of where they live and work lovers indoor plants, but, unfortunately, much less. These "prudes" considerably pushed more effective and flowering (but at the same time, and more demanding care) plants.
Tradescantia and zebrina belong to different genera, but one family Commelinaceae (to the same family owns the famous "family doctor" Golden mustache or kalliziya fragrant). It turns out that these long familiar and familiar plants also have medicinal properties and are very useful in the home to improve the health of people and pets.
Tradescantia and zebrina easily multiply very quickly grow and contain a complex of nutrients and drugs, so they are often grown for forage indoor bird, turtles, hamsters, cats and other pets. Aquarists put a pot of young Tradescantia glass lying on the sides of the aquarium and plant stems grow back soon fall into the water and form a beautiful green carpet on its surface; besides, many fish are not averse to eat these delicate leaves.
When we let fly in the room of our budgie StÑ‘pku, among other vegetation, he always preferred the juicy Tradescantia and often pinched her. Tradescantia cleanses and moisturizes the air in the room will neutralize electromagnetic radiation. The man, admiring her lush greenery removed eyestrain, improves mood quickly and easier breathing.
About Tradescantia and go further discussed in this article.
Spiderwort (Tradescantia) - undemanding perennial herb with long fragile stems, covered with abundant foliage. In Tradescantia terse, but touching the flowers, gathered in few-flowered axillary or apical buds. This plant got its name in honor of the English gardener John Tradescant. In England Tradescantia grown since the middle of the XVII century.
There are about a hundred species of spiderwort native of tropical and subtropical North and South America; Some of them are cultivated in the house and in the garden. For long, hanging and clinging to each other, intertwined stems, vines Tradescantia aptly called by the people "old wives' gossip."
Growers traditionally grown several thermophilic species Tradescantia as grateful houseplants, quickly forming lush greenery. Tradescantia because of their amazing vitality recommended for novice gardeners. Size, shape and color of the leaves of Tradescantia depend on the species. In most species, the leaves are quite small, oblong, pointed; leaf surface is smooth or pubescent. Color of leaves in a variety of Tradescantia occurs as uniformly green and striped (with white, cream or yellow longitudinal stripes), also may be present in the color of pink, lilac, red, purple tones.
Tradescantia can not boast of the beauty and abundance of flowering. Some species bloom in the room is very rare, others - more often. Small potted flowers trÑ‘hlepestkovye Tradescantia have a white, lilac-pink or blue-violet color; they are disclosed in the inflorescence at a time.
Thin creeping stems Tradescantia beautiful hanging over the edges of the pot, so they are mainly grown as a basket plant in hanging baskets and vases are used for decorating the windows and walls. Tradescantia good and as ground cover - they form a continuous carpet trim, covering the ground in large containers, and thus easily coexist with other plants.
More often than not in the rooms grow Tradescantia following types:
- Belotsvetkovaya Tradescantia (T. albiflora) - the most common, shade tolerant species, suitable for maloosveschÑ‘nnyh rooms and north windows; winter brings a decrease in temperature up to 6 degrees. This spiderwort has long, thin, get shoots and small, oval, with a sharp tip, soft and shiny leaves. Withdrawn its variety with bright green, with whitish-green, with a tri-color leaves with golden stripes on the leaves. In the indoor environment, this spiderwort blooms rarely, her small white flowers.
- Tradescantia streamside (T. fluminensis) is very similar to the previous view; its creeping stems with colored juice covered with smooth ovate leaves on top - dark green, bottom - purple-red. Numerous flowers are white. There are varieties with krasivookrashennymi leaves.
- Tradescantia virgin (T. virginiana) - short plant with a short stem, covered with two-row folded along the midrib and fused at the top of the narrow linear leaves. At the bottom of the sheet is long, thin hairs. Formed at the ends of erect branched stems are blue-violet flowers. This species is very fond of spraying.
- Blossfeldiana Tradescantia (T. blossfeldiana) has creeping stems, covered with hairs, and green leaves uzkoprodolgovatye, below reddish-purple, pubescent. At the ends of the shoots formed numerous purplish-pink flowers. Its variegated variety is very effective: a creamy green leaves are covered with pink bloom.
- Venezuelan Tradescantia (T. venezuelensis) - plant with creeping stems and tiny green leaves ovate.
- Tradescantia navicular (T. navicalaris) is creeping erect stems with leathery, succulent, pubescent on the edge of the leaves. The flowers are red. This kind of need to be watered much less often than other types (especially in winter).
- Hairy Tradescantia (T. pilosa) differs erect stems and elongated leaves with dense white hairs. The flowers are lilac-pink.
Tradescantia successfully growing in a bright room (but not in direct sunlight!) many kinds of shade-tolerant, but in the shade less decorative. Best kept Tradescantia in partial shade, often ventilate the room and keep the humidity. Variegated forms are more demanding of lighting: the lack of light, they lose their beautiful color and become zelenolistnymi (shoots with green leaves removed to stimulate regrowth of new shoots with leaves speckled).
Zelenolistnye Tradescantia species and can easily adapt to the warm and cool to the premises; variegated species and varieties are more heat-loving. In a warm room with dry air is recommended to spray the plants more often. From March to August Tradescantia fertilize twice a month. I am alternating fertilizer complex mineral water-soluble fertilizer and watering with liquid fertilizer on the basis of vermicompost.
Summer spiderwort needs regular watering to the maintenance of a light soil moisture, reduce watering in winter. When the content of the cool (about 12-15 degrees +) Tradescantia watered rarely, only after the drying of the soil.
A feature of the room is the rapid aging of Tradescantia, and the loss of decorative izrastanie: leaves at the base of the stems wither, the shoots become bare. To rejuvenate the plant by the annual short pruning shoots and transplant valuable mother plant in fresh soil. By composition of the substrate Tradescantia undemanding and can grow in any soil, but still prefer a mixture of: ground sheet, humus, peat and sand in the ratio (3: 1: 1: 1). And for the variegated forms of the substrate is reduced by half and half humus content increased sand content.
Clipped shoots are used for breeding; Tradescantia cuttings root easily in very thicken stem nodes (in water, in soil, in moist sand) throughout the year. For lush growth in a pot planted several cuttings. Young plants pinch out the tops for good tillering.
In the summer, you can make room for Tradescantia protected from wind and direct sun balconies or planted in the garden (but it must be remembered that Tradescantia love slugs, aphids can attack). Some frost Tradescantia suitable as perennials to grow in the open field. The gardens form Blossfeldiana Tradescantia leaves are yellowish-red stripes.
On the basis of a stable, hardy Tradescantia virginiana hybrids were created, named Tradescantia Anderson (Tx andersoniana) in honor of the American botanist and researcher of these plants. For growing in the garden breeders brought a lot of different varieties of Tradescantia Anderson 20-60 cm high with a different color is quite large (up to 6 cm in diameter) flowers and leaves (bright green, dark green with a purple bottom, green with purple or bluish tinge, golden).
Varietal garden Tradescantia under favorable conditions, grow into a very large and fairly dense shrubs with fleshy stems and leaves lots of juicy saber. Flowering garden Tradescantia begins in late June and continues until autumn frosts. Their color flowers can be white, pink, carmine, blue, blue, purple, violet different tones.
Spiderwort flowers, drop-down turns in clusters of buds apical inflorescence, very elegant in the center tsvetka- "asterisk", formed by three petals adorn delicate stamens covered at the bottom tuft of long fluffy hair. At the ends of the stamens are arranged bright yellow "dots" anther. Different varieties of coloring stamens can be the same or be contrasting with the color of the petals. Spiderwort flower fades quickly - just one day of life took him to nature, but to replace the flowers wither always a lot of new.
Tradescantia grows well in loose fertile soil in a sunny or partial shade garden, with regular moisture in the absence of rain. On hot days, spiderwort suffers from direct hot sun (yellow leaves and buds are not disclosed); at this time is especially important enough watering and frequent spraying (morning, evening) with warm water. In areas with very hot summers Tradescantia feels good in saving lacy shade of the trees and the water garden, where humidity is maintained.
Dense planting bushes protects Tradescantia of lodging. For free-standing tall unstable bushes is necessary to provide support and a garter to long stems not perished on the ground. Garden hardy Tradescantia without shelter, resistant to diseases and pests of many (you need to protect the plant from slugs!).
Thick, fleshy rhizome Tradescantia grows slowly, so it can grow long in one place. Propagation by division of rhizomes is best done in the spring, but you can divide and replant the plant with a large lump of earth at the end of the summer. Cuttings of Tradescantia held in the spring and summer: cut with 2-3 internodes stem cuttings rooted in cherenochnike very quickly.
Possible and seed reproduction of Tradescantia, but the varietal characteristics in plants grown from seeds collected will not be saved. Sales, charming garden Tradescantia seeds with different colored flowers.