Growing in the garden.
Bright tulips in the spring garden make state holiday, used to produce colorful flower arrangements and bouquets. Tulips of different classes decorate the garden from snowmelt until early summer. Plants with flowers of unusual shape (fringed, lilietsvetnye, terry, parrot) is usually planted around the track to enjoy near each flower. Varieties of tulips with a simple form of a flower look good in groups, on a background of grass or trees, next to other vesennetsvetuschimi plants.
Low-growing species and varieties of tulips are suitable for the rock garden, for growing in containers. Tulip - water-loving plant. If arid spring, the planting tulips should be watered to the land did not dry up. Water for irrigation should be to defend, not cold; when watering it should not fall on the leaves.
For good flowering and reproduction, it is desirable to produce fertilizer fertilizers tulips: the first - immediately after germination (nitrogen - 30 g potassium - 20 g, phosphorus - 30 g in a bucket of water), the second - before flowering (nitrogen - 20 g, 20 g kaliynye- , phosphorus - 30 g), and the third - after flowering (phosphorus - 30 g of potassium - 20 g).
After flowering tulip should immediately break off its seed pods (leaving the stems) to nutrients bulbs are not wasted on unnecessary formation of seeds. When tulip vase life should be left on the plant for 2-3 lower leaves for further proper nutrition, and development of the bulb.
To prevent the spread of viral infection pestrolepestnosti:
When the vase life of tulips need to disinfect tools after cutting each flower, the juice from the virus from diseased plants did not get to a healthy (so it's best just slamyvat flower stalks);
diseased plants should be as soon as possible to dig up together with the surrounding ground, and then burn or remove from the site.
Disease pestrolepestnostyu manifested most notably on the flowers: the one-colored petals infected tulips covered are not typical for the variety strokes, stripes and spots (dark or light). On the leaves also appear strokes and mild strip light green color.
Unscrupulous sellers marketed tulip bulbs infested with virus pestrolepestnosti - deal with it can not be! So buy tulip bulbs only from reliable vendors. In cases where tulips fungal diseases using fungicides. In order to prevent disease with prolonged wet weather further watering tulips fungicide solution (20 g per 10 liters of water).
Pest control tulips apply do not contain chlorine suitable chemicals. If the soil planted with tulips, have pests, you need to fight them with appropriate methods. For example, if the tulips mole cricket damage to its destruction using poison baits.
Tulip bulbs are dug at a yellowing of leaves, washed with water and soaked for 30 minutes in a solution of the fungicide. Then dry them 3-5 days in the shade, avoiding direct sunlight. Store the bulbs until the autumn planting in the dark, in a ventilated container. Preferably every year to dig tulip bulbs and change the place of embarkation.
Tulips used for garden decoration, you can not dig up 2-3 years, but then the bulbs should be planted deeper (20-25 cm). However, in this case, is sharply reduced their ability to reproduce. For a better reproduction of tulips and convenience of growing plant bulbs in rows on a prepared seedbed, providing plants meticulous care.
Tulip bulbs are planted in the ground in the autumn, when the soil temperature will drop to +9 В°. Winter storage and spring planting tulip bulbs are not allowed, since the development of the elements of the flower occurs at low temperatures, and in the spring of their growth continues. Place for planting tulips, it is desirable to choose sheltered from the wind. The shadow of the trees does not matter, because tulips bloom until the buds on the trees.
Compulsory requirement for planting tulips withdrawn area where previously grew other tulips at least three years. Tulip bulbs are planted at a depth of typically 10-20 cm (depending on their size), at a distance of 5-10 cm from each other. Before planting bulbs, it is desirable to soak for 30 minutes in a solution of one of the fungicides (fundozol, kuprozan, euparen, topsin, fentiuram, TMTD - 30 g in a bucket of water) for the prevention of disease.