Freesia or freeziya (Freesia) - genus of plants of the family klubnelukovichnyh Kasatikovye originating from South Africa (Cape of the area, so freesia called "Cape lily of the valley"). There are about twenty species of freesia. This flowering perennial 30-60 cm tall, with linear leaves and one-sided racemes, carrying about 12 fragrant flowers funnel diameter of 6 cm.
In the culture prevalent freesia hybrid (F. hybrida) with strong aroma reminiscent Landysheva (about 150 varieties), descended from a bruised freesia (F. refracta) with pale yellow flowers, freesia Leyhtlina (F. leichtlinii) with white flowers and freesia Armstrong (F. armbii) with pink flowers. Colouring simple or double flowers freesia can be of all colors: white, cream, yellow, orange, pink, red, purple, blue, purple (often with a cold throat).
Freesia indoors gives the cut-off in the winter and spring, and is a favorite flower crops in many countries of the world; Freesia in Russia has not yet gained popularity and grown a little. The leading country for growing, breeding and export of freesia corms is the Netherlands. Cut one or two blossoming flower, freesia blossoms are in a vase to 10 days; it's very touching, fragrant and delicate traditional gift to the bride and Woman's Day.
In cold areas, freesia garden forms are grown in open ground with digging up corms for winter; hybrid freesia grown as gorshÑ‘chnuyu culture. Freesia predyavlyaet high demands on the location (a secure and bright place) to the substrate (light and well-drained soil) to care (390); she loves the abundance of fresh air.
Freesia can be grown from seeds and bulbs. If you sow the seeds of freesia in March-April, the seedlings will begin to bloom in October; at later stages of crop flowering freesia shifted to the winter-spring months. Freesia corms hybrid amateur growers are usually planted in the spring in May (planting depth of 5 cm at intervals of 10 cm), while the flowers bloom in August and September. At the end of the growing season freesia corms are dug and contain 2-3 months at a temperature of 25 degrees and 60% humidity, and then to the landing - in a cool (13 degrees).