Hosts, or Funk rightly called the "queen" of a shady garden. Their luxury outlet formed dense basal leaves are tiny or huge; amazing color of leaves of various textures and shapes in different species and varieties has literally all shades of green, and some of the most valuable is complemented by a host of white, cream, gold, blue-blue.
Wide or narrow border, strip or spot contrasting colors give variegated hosts a special charm. We derive the two-and three-color hosts painting which is particularly marked in the first half of the summer. Leaves hosts (rounded, heart-shaped, arrow-shaped, lanceolate) on long, arched petioles fountain cascade down from the center of the outlet. Height host vyriruet from 20 to 90 cm; adjustment hosts are divided into four groups: dwarf, dwarf, medium growth, tall.
Towering over the long leaves of the flower stalks are topped hosts in July-August, a variety of delicate white, lilac or mauve flowers, gathered in many inflorescence. These elegant funnel-shaped flowers that resemble miniature lily, refined aroma delicate issue.
Funk (Funkia) comes from eastern Asia, where it is used as food, medicinal and ornamental plant. Latin plant named host (Hosta) after the Austrian physician and botanist T. guests. There are about 40 species of Funk; the most common ones: curly host (H. crispula) or host Fortune (H. fortunei), host Japanese (H. japonica), host Siebold (Hosta sieboldiana) host wavy (Hosta undulata), host inflated (H. ventricosa). Interspecific crosses and intervarietal allowed breeders to get the host hybrid (H. gybrida); now created more than 2,000 varieties of the host.
Depending on the color of leaves hosts are divided into five groups:
- Blue (B) - the leaves are bluish bluish waxy bloom;
- Green (Gr) - with leaves of different shades of green;
- Yellow (Go) - combines zheltolistnye hosts;
- Variegates (V) - includes variegated varieties motley-gold, with a white border, with a yellow or cream-colored border;
- Mediovariegata (MV) - leaves have a green rim, and the rest of the leaf has a white or yellow color.
Host - one of the few plants that require little maintenance and grow "as if by itself," for many years in the same place in the shady garden, becoming every year more and more beautiful. Many varieties of the host grow very slowly - this, and even shortages of planting material due to their high cost. Beautiful leaves and flowers pozvlyayut use a universal host any compositions Garden: Decorative leef as well as floral.
Harmonious courtines host retain decorative all season and are indispensable for partial shade and shady corners of the garden as a carpet under the trees planted as a border and independent groups. Wonderful hosts look at the water and among the rocks in the rock garden. Hosts often decorate the garden tall stalks of plants having leaves unattractive. Around the host often planted early-flowering melkolukovichnye when they wither, the leaves grow back later hosts camouflage their moribund leaves.
Picturesque leaves hosts and its long flower stalks with flowers are often used in the preparation of bouquets and arrangements. Hosts very unpretentious, but the execution of certain conditions of cultivation promotes lush rosette of leaves and profuse flowering. They are undemanding to soil, but on the loose, rich, slightly acidic, moderately moist soils develop better.
Thick rhizome shortened hosts has strong threadlike roots. When planting hosts in the planting hole, it is desirable to make compost, humus, peat and mineral fertilizers, especially when grown on poor soils dense. These plants are very responsive to fertilizer. Hosts hygrophilous (but can not tolerate wet), but adult specimens, the root system that penetrates deep into the soil, becoming quite drought tolerant.
Shade hosts are planted in shade or partial shade, but with regular watering, they grow well in the sun, although in extreme heat often suffer from overheating and excessive light - they do not grow in the open garden the same chic, as in the penumbra. Variegated light-requiring hosts more than zelenolistnye: the lack of light can lose their leaves attractive motley color and turn green.
Hosts hardy; but in the autumn, when the snow has not yet fallen, and has significantly freezes, hosts recommended zamulchirovat insulate material. Spring mulch around the outlet hosts humus or kopostom allows to keep moisture at the roots and at the same time to feed the plant.
Transplant hosts transferred easily, especially at a young age; but still it is not necessary to divide and replant often host - it will slow down its development and diminished splendor. Hosts are really beautiful when brought to the period of youth (5 years) and maturity (10 years) they fully show their skills, which remain until old age (20 years). Hosts propagated by tissue culture in vitro, seeds, spring or autumn dividing the bushes.
Seeds sown in spring hosts seedlings in a pot (box), or in May and June on the shaded flower bed in the garden. Crops lightly sprinkled light fertile substrate; pot cover glass or plastic to retain moisture. When the soil temperature 18-25 degrees shoots appear after 2-3 weeks (pre-sowing seed treatment with growth stimulants speed up germination).
Seedlings hosts cherish from direct sun and moderately watered, fed and periodically sprayed leaves. In late summer, young rosette host planted in a permanent place in the garden. When planting outlet hosts are placed exactly the same depth as it was growing before, watered and mulch lightly.
Diameter sockets host varies considerably depending on the species and variety. Dwarf and dwarf hosts usually put through a 30 cm; sredneroslye - less (60 cm). Larger plants are placed at a considerable distance from each other (80-100 cm), so that they are well visible from all sides and managed to manifest itself in all its glory. Hosts often suffer from slugs, which are used against metaldehyde, tobacco dust and superphosphate.