Charming and lush perennial spray chrysanthemums (Chrysanthemum) adorn our gardens from August to late autumn when most other plants have long finished their bloom until next season. Despite the rain, wind and cold, the mass of bright colors with a cold, bitter flavor keeps on bushes chrysanthemums sometimes until Christmas.
It is these roses, chrysanthemums, or garden (not an annual greenhouse Grandiflora) and go. Garden chrysanthemums, which are sometimes isolated in a separate genus Dendronthema, differ in height and shape of the bush, flowering time, color, terry, size and type of inflorescence. The color scheme is very extensive garden chrysanthemums, from white to dark purple, blue, and a broad array of yellows. Undoubted favorites garden culture are the so-called Korean hybrids (Ch. x koreanum).
Chinese chrysanthemum cultivated 2,500 years ago, but in Europe, these flowers were only in 1789, and by 1802 it was displayed the first 10 grades. Today there are more than 650 varieties of chrysanthemums, which can be purchased in the Gardeners centers. 77 of them are marked with a special prize of the British Royal Horticultural community (RHS Award of Garden Merit).
In Japan and China, the chrysanthemum is not only a magical plant, mention of which occur even in the ancient beliefs, but also widely used in cooking and for decorating the premises. People in the east attach particular importance chrysanthemums of different colors and rituals of their pripodneseniya. Chrysanthemum - a favorite flower of the Japanese, an important part of their culture and a symbol of longevity. The plant also has long been used as a medicine.
Chrysanthemums are not very demanding on the soil, but is very demanding on the location. They need the sun, and the more - the better, and good drainage. They will respond well to periodic feeding.
Multiply chrysanthemum seeds, cuttings or division of the bushes. Chrysanthemum cuttings take root very easily. Even if you break off a side shoot from a bouquet of chrysanthemums, standing in water, and plant it in the ground, it soon will the new leaves. To propagate chrysanthemums division in spring should dig bush separate part with roots and transplanted. Adults bushes chrysanthemums need dividing every 3 years. If you neglect it, it will not bloom as lush and strong.
An important factor in the successful cultivation of chrysanthemums is correct nipping or shortening the stems to encourage side shoots to grow and provide the splendor of the bush. The relatively Grandiflora varieties if you want larger flowers, you should remove them side shoots, leaving only a few of the main shoots with buds.
Most chrysanthemums form the high bushes, some of which may even reach 2 meters, and therefore need to be supported. Use as a supporting structure of metal pegs connected wire that you can improvise yourself or purchase ready at garden centers. To support you can also use special nets that are attached around the future of the bush and reach the ground about 45 cm. At first it does not look very aesthetically pleasing, but when bush grows to the height of the upper edge of the grid, you will appreciate such a grid, as they provide a good protection and do not allow the bush to disintegrate.
In the garden, spray chrysanthemums look great in a mix-boarders, providing bright horizontal or spherical color spots. Look great planting of some carnations or chrysanthemums and their relatives of the Asteraceae family: asters and chrysanthemums Vernon, as shown in the pictures below. You can use the bushes and chrysanthemums in soliternyh (single) crop, for example in the middle of a small lawn. Low chrysanthemums create amazing curb, if they drop, for example, along the garden path.
Traditional partners chrysanthemums, other than those mentioned are other perennials, flowering late in the season: delphiniums, echinacea, rudbeckia, sedum, dahlias, anemones, Japanese and elegant grass. Chrysanthemums charming look at the background of yellowing and bagroveyuschih autumn leaves of trees and shrubs.
Cut chrysanthemum long standing in the water, dressing room with its bright colors and fill it with exquisite bitter flavor. A dried flowers will create a perfect complement to winter composition of dried flowers or potpourri.