Abutilon blooms profusely and continuously wonderful flowers of various colors, has a magnificent crown of delicate leaves pubescent, but unpretentious; He is well propagated, is growing rapidly, but it does not require complex care - for all these qualities and love abutilon growers. Leaves abutilon, increase humidity, can improve the microclimate in the room.
Abutilon (Abutilon) - genus of annual and perennial plants in the family Malvaceae. More than 150 species of this genus are distributed in the tropics and subtropics; this grass, shrubs or small trees. Obtained from plants growing in the nature of rough fiber, used for the production of ropes and other woven products, gave abutilon second name - "Kanatnikov."
As a houseplant most common are: abutilon Sellova (A. sellovianum) and its varieties with striped leaves; abutilon Amazon (A. megopotanicum), profusely flowering almost the whole year; abutilon hybrid (A. hybridum), obtained by crossing different species. In the indoor environment is also grown abutilon Indian with cream flowers, abutilon vinogradnolistny with pink flowers, ampelnoe abutilon Brazilian and others.
Room abutilon refers to growing plants kadochnym; it may soon become closely on the windowsill and require free accommodation. This evergreen tree or shrub up to 1.5 meters, with a fairly large leaves and drooping flowers, lanterns on long stalks, leaves adorning the crown from early spring to late fall (and sometimes all year round).
Pointy soft leaves with irregularly shaped blade-toothed edges, contours resembling maple gave abutilon third name - "maple bedroom." There are many varieties of abutilon with green, golden-spotted, variegated colored leaves, with a variety of colored flowers with different heights and compact crown. Bell-shaped flowers with numerous stamens abutilon long and pestle can be simple or double, with bright petals of the corolla: white, gold, orange, pink, red, burgundy.
Abutilon photophilous, but does not tolerate the rapid movement of a bright light. Tree abutilon useful in summer to fresh air in the garden or on the balcony, selecting for him sheltered from the wind semidarkness. In hot weather it is recommended spraying the crown. In favorable conditions, abutilon gives a big boost over the summer.
Abutilon need abundant watering from March to August (during drying of the substrate abutilon loses leaves and buds). When watering it is necessary to remove from the pan leaked water. Very moderately watered abutilon from September to February (only need a slight moistening the rootball), excessive watering also leads to "Falling Leaves". Abutilon winters in the bright cool place, the optimum temperature of 10-14 degrees; it is important to avoid contact with direct sunlight. Winter is conducted periodically spraying crown abutilon.
In the spring, before the period of active vegetation, twigs abutilon necessary to cut (from one third to two thirds of their length, depending on the plant crown). Pruning is necessary for the formation of a compact and a beautiful crown for a rich and long flowering abutilon. Since the beginning of the growth of young shoots abutilon provide warm and humid content. To enhance the branching tops of young shoots pinch.
Every spring abutilon transplanted into a pot only slightly greater than the former, because the abundant flowering occurs only if the earthen room well braided roots. Abutilon needs nutritionally dense substrate composed of a mixture of clay turf, humus, leaf soil and sand in the ratio (2: 1: 1: 0.5); Soils suitable ready "Palma". Abutilon fed complete mineral fertilizer and slurry from March to August 2 times a month (for undernutrition fall lower leaves).
Abutilon varieties with green leaves are propagated by seeds and cuttings; variegated varieties - only cuttings. Sown in spring in a warm substrate (22 degrees), the seeds germinate abutilon together. Seedlings grow quickly, so they rolled over into a larger pot 2-3 times over the summer. Cuttings may abutilon reproduction throughout the year, but will rooted herbaceous cuttings with remote buds of spring, and semilignified cuttings - in August. Cuttings root in the sand or in a mixture of peat and sand (1: 1) as a "mini-teplichke" with warm soil (22-25 degrees).
On soft leaves abutilon often attack pests: aphids, scale insects, spider mites. Scale insects must be carefully removed from the leaves with a cotton swab. If pests little plant was sprayed with a soap solution or tobacco. It has long been in Russia fought pests abutilon infusion of sorrel, tree spraying every 10 days until complete disappearance of pests. For large pests processing abutilon use insecticide (eg aktellikom solution: 2 ml per liter of water).