Agapantuc (Agapantus), or "African lily" refers to the lily family and originates from South Africa. Complex plant name "agapanthus" is composed of two Greek words: "agape" ("love") and "anthos" ("flower").
Years of evergreen agapanthus has a thick rhizome with fleshy roots and develops dense basal rosette of long (up to 70 cm) narrow (2 to 5 cm) remnevidnyh leaves. Beautiful rosette of leaves reach a height of 70 cm; they are very attractive, so often grown agapanthus and valued as kadochnoe plant, effectively and without looking flowering.
From July to late autumn over rosettes of smooth dark green leaves appear high agapanthus bare stalks, which are placed at the ends of large (up to 20 cm in diameter) spherical umbrella inflorescence with funnel-shaped flowers. The height of the flower stalk is usually 60-100 cm, under favorable conditions, up to 1.5 meters. Each inflorescence developed, powerful plants can form up to 150 flowers about 5 cm long: sky blue, white or cream; Cut florets Agapanthus stored in water for about two weeks. Ripening on the plant for a month and a half after flowering flat winged seeds (black or brown) are enclosed in a box.
There are numerous garden hybrids and forms an umbrella agapanthus (A. umbellatus), Agapanthus African (A. africanus), less large agapanthus campanulate (A. campanulatus). Campanulate agapanthus is considered the best for growing under adverse conditions; Isis variety with large lavender flowers, variety Albus - white flowers, variety Variegatus - undersized with white stripes on the leaves.
Agapanthus can be cultivated in both closed and open field; during the warm season the container with the plant, it is desirable to make the garden. When grown in the open ground agapanthus is more compact, and many-flowered inflorescence, a long and strong stalks, more spreading rosette of leaves.
Agapanthus quite unpretentious; summer, he needs a warm light content. For him, preferably a neutral or slightly alkaline soil fertilized with sufficient organic content in the protected sunny position. Drought-resistant, and agapanthus zharostoek, does not require spraying. However, regular abundant irrigation during drought it develops more active, does not lose the decorative and elegant blooms.
It is durable, can grow in one place in the garden to 7 years. Outdoors agapanthus successfully overwinters only in warm regions, with the mandatory shelter for the winter layer of sand or sawdust (about 15 cm), spruce branches. In cold regions agapanthus dug from the garden in the fall, taking care not to damage the fleshy roots, and store the plant until spring cool.
Grown indoors agapanthus virtually no rest. The plant is planted in a container with good drainage in winter contain in a cool (6-12 degrees with a windchill of 15 degrees), occasionally slightly wetting the soil to the roots of dryness. In early spring container Agapanthus put in a sunny place and begin to be watered regularly, and then feed.
Transplanted Agapanthus spring: young gorshÑ‘chnye - annually, mature plants in containers - 2-3 years old big ones at least - in 4-5 years. Agapanthus plant in nutrient mixture of clay and turf, humus, leaf soil and sand in the ratio (2: 2: 1: 1). During the active growing season Agapanthus from April to October every ten days is subject to regular fertilizing (alternately mineral and organic fertilizers), promotes good growth and abundant flowering.
Agapanthus propagated by division of rhizomes, seeds. Sowing seeds for seedlings usually held in March. Divide rhizomes after flowering agapanthus can or Transfer; important during the division to protect against damage to the fleshy roots. Seating division and too sprawling rhizomes in the garden (at a distance of about half a meter apart) carried out in March-April, mulching the soil around the plants after planting.