Alocasia belongs to a beautiful ornamental foliage plants for the exotic beauty of unusually colored leaves. In folk medicine Alokaziya called "shamrock". In the culture grown only a few species of Alocasia known in nature 70 species, distributed in humid tropical areas of Southeast Asia, where they are used as ornamental and medicinal plants.
Alocasia, arum (Alocasia, Arum) - evergreen herb with thick rhizomes, large green or variegated colored oval-heart-shaped, arrow-shaped leaves on long juicy stalks. In some species, Alocasia developed stem covered with scars - traces of dead leaves (young plant stem shortened); at the top of the stem with several major dense leaves with thick veins.
Most often in indoor gardening grow Alocasia krupnokornevuyu (A. macrorhiza) and Alocasia odorous (A. odora) with green leaves and beautiful variegated species (Alocasia Lowe (A. lowii), Alocasia Sander (A. sanderiana), Alocasia copper red (A. cuprea)) and their hybrids. Alocasia with green leaves can reach a height of several meters, and are recommended as kadochnye plants for large light rooms; The room can only be grown young plants.
Variegated Alocasia species with different configuration and color of the leaves more effective and smaller, suitable for growing in the apartment. Before the rain and in wet weather at the top of the sheet Alokaziya act droplets of water, this plant barometer. Sometimes Alokaziya bloom indoors, throwing inflorescence spadix covered with "veil".
Alocasia - relatively undemanding thermophilic and water-loving plant, growing well in the bright (but not in the sun) and partial shade without drafts, while ensuring high levels of humidity. From lack of light leaves Alokaziya fade. If indoor air is dry, Alocasia grows poorly or not at all stops in development, at her attacking pests (spider mites, mealy bug).
During the period of active growth Alokaziya required temperature 22-26 degrees, abundant watering with lukewarm water and a soft ezheutrennee spraying. However, moisture loving Alokaziya not tolerate stagnant water in the substrate - between waterings should be given the soil dry out a bit. In winter, reduce watering and contain Alokaziya at a temperature of 18-20 degrees (they pass the winter dormant period), sprayed in a day. Contents at a lower temperature and excessive watering cause Alokaziya rotting rhizomes.
Transplanted and rolled over Alokaziya usually in early spring (young Alokaziya - annually, adults - every 2 years). Friable, easily leaky substrate Alokaziya prepared from a mixture of leaf, peat, sand, shredded sphagnum in proportion (2: 1: 1: 0.5) with the addition of charcoal. When planting in heavy soil and stagnant water in the soil at Alokaziya develop root rot. From March to August Alokaziya podkarmivayut twice a month, making a very low concentration of fertilizer.
Propagated by root suckers Alocasia, dividing rhizomes, stem slices (slices sprinkled with powdered charcoal); thrive in the spring. Separated from the base of the trunk adult Alokaziya "Babe" is becoming well established in the pot with moist sphagnum moss in a "mini-teplichke"; can rooting Alokaziya in moist sand (a mixture of peat soil and sand) with bottom heating.
When breeding and care of Alocasia need to remember that it is poisonous juice: Contains skin irritant substances and even prussic acid. In folk medicine, Alocasia is used to treat a variety of tumors, skin diseases, itching from insect bites. Connoisseurs of Chinese medicine treat Alokaziya pain in the stomach and intestine, cholera and toothache. Siberian witch doctors used to treat Alokaziya osteohondroznyh pain, pneumonia and tuberculosis.